calculation of energy and carbon dioxide on asphalt
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calculation of energy and carbon dioxide on asphalt.

Calculation of energy and carbon dioxide on asphalt

Calculation of energy and carbon dioxide on asphalt pavements Kristina Martinsson1, a, Torbjorn Jacobson2, b, Roger Lundberg3, c 1 Swedish Transport Administration, Orebro, Sweden 2 Swedish Transport Administration, Solna, Sweden 3 NCC Roads AB, Umea, Sweden a [email protected] b [email protected] c [email protected]

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Asphalt mixtures emission and energy consumption: A

2017-5-1  1. Introduction. This paper shows a literature review concerning energy consumption and carbon dioxide (CO 2) emissions for the production of road pavements.The basic road pavements techniques such as, hot mix asphalt, warm mix asphalt, asphalt rubber mixtures, reclaimed asphalt pavement, Portland cement concrete and recycling are investigated.

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Evaluation system for CO2 emission of hot asphalt mixture ...

2015-4-1  The analysis on energy saving and emission reduction in the key stages was based on the carbon emission evaluation. According to the market price, coal was 500 RMB/t, heavy oil was 4500 RMB/t, and natural gas was 3.41 RMB/m 3. A ton of asphalt mixture was

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Estimation and uncertainty analysis of energy consumption ...

2018-7-10  Substantial energy consumption and CO 2 emission are generated in asphalt pavement maintenance and their quantifications based on individual case are highly contingent on the input data qualities and model parameters, exhibiting high uncertainties. This study established energy consumption and CO 2 emission uncertainty assessment statistical methodology to deal with the issue.

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Asphalt mixtures emission and energy consumption: A

Carbon dioxide emissions for hot mix asphalt and asphalt rubber mixtures can be 70% lower than emissions for Portland cement concrete. Some alternatives to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in asphalt mixtures production are the decrease of aggregates moisture content, reduction of the asphalt mixtures production ...

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Reducing the Embodied Carbon Content of Asphalt

2011-12-15  and quantify the embodied carbon associated with each process of asphalt production; quarrying aggregate, processing aggregate, transportation of constitute materials, mixing, heating and drying. The computer programme asPECT was used to calculate the virgin EC values of

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Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

2015-9-16  tools, carbon dioxide equivalents are expressed as kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent (kgCO2e). 2.3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factor Greenhouse gas emissions factors quantify the amount of greenhouse gas (in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent) which will be emitted into the atmosphere, as a result of using one unit of energy, i.e. the amount of

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Measuring and Managing CO2 Emissions

2021-9-24  similar. Both set out guidelines for the carbon audit-ing of individual businesses and provide advice on the scoping of the calculation, data collection methods and the allocation of emissions. Neither, however, provide detailed guidance on how carbon emissions from specific activities, such as transport, should be measured.

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Can calculation of energy expenditure based on CO2 ...

2017-1-21  Indirect calorimetry is the gold standard method to determine energy expenditure (EE) and guide nutrition therapy in critically ill patients in order to avoid deleterious under- or overfeeding [1–3].Indirect calorimeters analyze respiratory gases of the patients to measure their oxygen consumption (VO 2) and carbon dioxide production (VCO 2) and derive EE by the Weir’s equation [].

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Comparison of Energy Use and Emissions From Different ...

2015-9-14  The most energy- and carbon dioxide-intensive mode is Demand Response at an average of 15,957 btu/pass-mi and 1,151 g CO 2 /pass-mi. Van Pools on average produce almost twice as much carbon dioxide per passenger mile as motorcoaches, commuter rail produces more than three times as much, two-person car pools produce four times as

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Estimation and uncertainty analysis of energy

2020-3-20  Please cite this article as: Yu B, Wang S, Gu X, Estimation and uncertainty analysis of energy consumption and CO2 emission of asphalt pavement maintenance, Journal of Cleaner Production (2018), doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.068. This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to

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Asphalt mixtures emission and energy consumption: A

Carbon dioxide emissions for hot mix asphalt and asphalt rubber mixtures can be 70% lower than emissions for Portland cement concrete. Some alternatives to reduce energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions in asphalt mixtures production are the decrease of aggregates moisture content, reduction of the asphalt mixtures production ...

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Analysis and Comparison of Carbon Emissions of

Calculation Method of Carbon Emissions . Carbon Equivalent Formula. The carbon dioxide equivalence computation, which is used to compare the carbon emissions of different mixing process, adopts GWP(Global Warming Potential) to convert other gas quality into carbon dioxide equivalence considering the environmental influence of a particular gas in a

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Modeling the Effects on Energy and Carbon Dioxide from

2019-4-15  (2014). Modeling the Effects on Energy and Carbon Dioxide from the Use of Recycled Asphalt Pavement in Hot Mix Asphalt. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation: Vol. 8,

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LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT ON DIFFERENT TYPES OF

2015-2-5  146 the early 21st century. They have integrated the concept of LCA with life cycle cost assessment (LCCA). The energy consumption and GHG emission during the asphalt pavement life cycle were calculated (2‐7). And part of the foundation database was established, and relevant calculation software was developed.

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The Government s Standard Assessment Procedure for

2019-10-2  14 Carbon dioxide emissions and primary energy 33 15 Building regulations and dwelling emissions rate (DER) 33 References 35 List of standards referred to in this document 36 ... provides a framework for the calculation of energy use in dwellings. The procedure is consistent with the standards BS EN ISO 52016-1 and 52016-2.

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Greenhouse Gases Equivalencies Calculator - Calculations ...

2021-4-28  Applying the Step 2 calculation to data developed by the USDA Forest Service for the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2018 yields a result of 200 metric tons of carbon per hectare (or 81 metric tons of carbon per acre) for the carbon stock density of U.S. forests in 2018, with an annual net change in carbon stock per ...

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Can calculation of energy expenditure based on CO2 ...

2017-1-21  Indirect calorimetry is the gold standard method to determine energy expenditure (EE) and guide nutrition therapy in critically ill patients in order to avoid deleterious under- or overfeeding [1–3].Indirect calorimeters analyze respiratory gases of the patients to measure their oxygen consumption (VO 2) and carbon dioxide production (VCO 2) and derive EE by the Weir’s equation [].

Get Price

Measuring and Managing CO2 Emissions

2021-9-24  similar. Both set out guidelines for the carbon audit-ing of individual businesses and provide advice on the scoping of the calculation, data collection methods and the allocation of emissions. Neither, however, provide detailed guidance on how carbon emissions from specific activities, such as transport, should be measured.

Get Price

Ecological Environmental Carbon Footprint Calculators ...

SafeClimate Carbon Dioxide Footprint Calculator. SafeClimate's calculator allows individuals in the U.S., Canada and 36 other countries to calculate their "carbon footprint" and track their residential and transportation energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Users can choose to save their results and track their emissions over time.

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Estimation and uncertainty analysis of energy

2020-3-20  Please cite this article as: Yu B, Wang S, Gu X, Estimation and uncertainty analysis of energy consumption and CO2 emission of asphalt pavement maintenance, Journal of Cleaner Production (2018), doi: 10.1016/j.jclepro.2018.04.068. This is a PDF file of an unedited manuscript that has been accepted for publication. As a service to

Get Price

Modeling the Effects on Energy and Carbon Dioxide from

2019-4-15  (2014). Modeling the Effects on Energy and Carbon Dioxide from the Use of Recycled Asphalt Pavement in Hot Mix Asphalt. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation: Vol. 8,

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Modeling the Effects on Energy and Carbon Dioxide from

Modeling the Effects on Energy and Carbon Dioxide from the Use of Recycled Asphalt Pavement in Hot Mix Asphalt. The transportation sector greatly influence the sustainable development of a society, contributing to pollution from vehicular emissions, global warming, consumption of energy resources, disturbance of natural space from infrastructure construction, and noise pollution.

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Energy Consumption and Greenhouse Gas Emissions

2015-9-16  tools, carbon dioxide equivalents are expressed as kilograms of carbon dioxide equivalent (kgCO2e). 2.3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions Factor Greenhouse gas emissions factors quantify the amount of greenhouse gas (in terms of carbon dioxide equivalent) which will be emitted into the atmosphere, as a result of using one unit of energy, i.e. the amount of

Get Price

Greenhouse Gases Equivalencies Calculator - Calculations ...

2021-4-28  Applying the Step 2 calculation to data developed by the USDA Forest Service for the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks: 1990–2018 yields a result of 200 metric tons of carbon per hectare (or 81 metric tons of carbon per acre) for the carbon stock density of U.S. forests in 2018, with an annual net change in carbon stock per ...

Get Price

Can calculation of energy expenditure based on CO2 ...

2017-1-21  Indirect calorimetry is the gold standard method to determine energy expenditure (EE) and guide nutrition therapy in critically ill patients in order to avoid deleterious under- or overfeeding [1–3].Indirect calorimeters analyze respiratory gases of the patients to measure their oxygen consumption (VO 2) and carbon dioxide production (VCO 2) and derive EE by the Weir’s equation [].

Get Price

The Government s Standard Assessment Procedure for

2019-10-2  14 Carbon dioxide emissions and primary energy 33 15 Building regulations and dwelling emissions rate (DER) 33 References 35 List of standards referred to in this document 36 ... provides a framework for the calculation of energy use in dwellings. The procedure is consistent with the standards BS EN ISO 52016-1 and 52016-2.

Get Price

Measuring and Managing CO2 Emissions

2021-9-24  similar. Both set out guidelines for the carbon audit-ing of individual businesses and provide advice on the scoping of the calculation, data collection methods and the allocation of emissions. Neither, however, provide detailed guidance on how carbon emissions from specific activities, such as transport, should be measured.

Get Price

Ecological Environmental Carbon Footprint Calculators ...

SafeClimate Carbon Dioxide Footprint Calculator. SafeClimate's calculator allows individuals in the U.S., Canada and 36 other countries to calculate their "carbon footprint" and track their residential and transportation energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions. Users can choose to save their results and track their emissions over time.

Get Price

Global Energy Review: CO2 Emissions in 2020 – Analysis - IEA

2021-3-2  A common theme across all economies is the scale of the impact of the pandemic and lockdown measures on transport activity. The decline in CO2 emissions from oil use in the transport sector accounted for well over 50% of the total global drop in CO2 emissions in 2020, with restrictions on movement at local and international levels leading to a near 1 100 Mt drop in emissions from the

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